In the early 1970s, this book Science and Gender, A Critique of Biology and Its Theories on Women, and the anthology, Feminist Approaches to Science, of Ruth Bleiere are considered classics and are required reading in many women’s studies courses.
Ruth Bleier devoted herself to applying gender role analyses and perspectives to the theories and practices of science after seeing cultural biases affected the biological sciences. She did not agree with the many gender differences in the areas of math, verbal skills and creativity supposedly biologically based.
Ruth received her M.D. in 1949 from the Women’s Medical College of Pennsylvania, then the only remaining women’s medical school in the country. She practiced general medicine in the poor, inner city of Baltimore for nearly ten years. She then took a postdoctoral training position in neuro anatomy at the John Hopkins School of Medicine and joined the Department of Neurophysiology at Wisconsin in 1967.